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What are  OPT and CPT in USA ?

What are OPT and CPT in USA ?

  • What are  OPT and CPT in USA ?

    What are OPT and CPT in USA ?

    • 06-12-2022
    • Posted By : Admin

    What are  OPT and CPT in USA ?


    Optional Practical Training (OPT) is a program that temporarily allows international students with an F-1 visa in the United States to work up to 12 months in relation to their major of study. F-1 visa students are eligible for OPT after completing their first academic year. OPT can be completed both before or after completing your studies, but it’s important to remember that you are only allowed to work 12 months total. International students with an F-1 visa who have completed degrees in certain science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are eligible for a 17-month extension for post-graduation completion of OPT employment.

    Documents Required for OPT: Applicants are recommended to approach the international office at their respective institutions directly to get details regarding the documents required. But generally, the below-mentioned documents may be relevant:
    • 2 passport-size photographs
    • I-765 (original)
    • Present passport's copy
    • Printout of I-94 
    • US$410 (subject to change) personal check which should be addressed to the department of homeland security
    • Copy of OPT recommendation and I-20
    • Copy of all the earlier issued I-20s
    • Any earlier issued EAD cards' copies
    • F-1 visa stamp's copy on passport
    Eligibility for OPT: A student should:
    • Possess an F1 status
    • Be enrolled full-time for one academic year before the employment begins
    • Not have used 12 months or more of full-time CPT
    Curricular Practical Training (CPT) is a program that temporarily allows international students with an F-1 visa to gain practical experience directly related to their major through employment, paid or unpaid internship, or cooperative education. It must be a part of an established curriculum. CPT must be completed before graduating. In addition, CPT can be part-time (20 hours or less a week) or full time (20 hours or more a week). Although, if you work full-time for 12 months in CPT, you will lose your eligibility for OPT.

    Documents Required for CPT: Usually, the following documents may be required to apply for CPT:
    • CPT online workshop completion certificate
    • Academic recommendation form
    • In-depth description of training by your employer
    • Copy of present I-20
    • Print out of electronic form I-94
    Eligibility for CPT: A student should:
    • Possess an F1 status
    • Be enrolled for one academic year before the employment begins
    • Be carrying a particular employment offer which meets the requirements of the institution for the relevant course

    The difference between the two is as follows:


    CPT
    OPT
    CPT is a part of degree requirement
    OPT is not a part of degree requirement
    This can be done as soon as enrolled for course
    This is done after graduation
    The student needs consent from ISS and academic department
    The student needs consent from USCIS
    Students are permitted to work for any employer
    The student can work only with employers in I- 20 list
    The application is online
    The application is on paper
    No application fee
    The application fee is $410
    Need to apply with job offer
    Do not need job offer to apply
    CPT can be done upto 12 months
    Duration of OPT is 12-24 months
    Is part time or full time
    Is full time
    2-3 weeks processing time
    3-5 months processing time

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